Phosphorus removal by the multipond system sediments receiving agricultural drainage in a headstream watershed

FU Qiang , YIN Cheng-qing , MA Yun


Received July 02, 2004,Revised August 20, 2004, Accepted , Available online

Volume 17,2005,Pages 404-408

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Wetland systems in headstream watersheds are important to control the nonpoint source pollutant phosphorus. Experiments were conducted using intact sediment-water columns obtained from the multipond system in Liuchahe watershed of Chaohu Lake to determine its capacity to retain P. It was found that pond sediments had strong P retention ability. For the Hill pond, Village pond and Rice pond, their retention coefficient(A) were 288.3, 279.2 and 260.8 L/m2 , respectively. The equilibrium P concentration(EPCw) were 0.016, 0.028 and 0.018 mg/L, respectively. The Hill pond indicated the highest P retention ability. P retained in the pond sediments indicated high stable degree. P removal from the overlying water column into the pond sediments followed a first-order kinetic model. Under the experimental hydrological conditions, the retention time had a positive correlation with the P loading. The multipond system could provide enough retention time to retain P in drainage runoffs. At the P levels evaluated, the sediments of the multipond system are effective sinks to retainP from nonpoint source runoffs.

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