Effect of methylmercury on some neurotransmitters and oxidative damage of rats

CHENG Jin-ping , YANG Yi-chen , HU Wei-xuan , YANG Liu , WANG Wen-hua , JIA Jin-ping , LIN Xue-yu


Received September 17, 2004,Revised September 30, 2004, Accepted , Available online

Volume 17,2005,Pages 469-473

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In order to study the molecular mechanism of injury in rat organs induced by methylmercury, and the relationship between neurotransmitter and oxidative damage in the toxicity process of rat injury by methylmercury was studied. The control group was AChE, ACh, NOS, NO, MDA, SOD, GSH-Px and GSH in different organs of rats were determined with conventional methods. The results showed that after exposure to methylmercury for 7 d, the mercury content in brain of exposure groups increased clearly and had significant difference compared with the control group( P< 0.01). In rat's brain, serum, liver and kidney, the content of ACh and AChE were all decreased; the content of NOS and NO were all increased; the content of MDA was increased compared with the control group,the exposure groups had significant difference ( P < 0.01 ); the content of SOD, GSH and GSH-Px was decreased compared with the control group, the exposure groups had significant difference( P < 0.01). It could be concluded that methylmercury did effect the change of neurotransmitter and free radical. They participated in the toxicity process of injury by methylmercury. The damage of neurotransmitter maybe cause the chaos of free radical and the chaos of free radical may also do more damage to neurotransmitter vice versa.

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