Aquatic environment

Hydrothermal decomposition of pentachlorophenol in subcritical andsupercritical water with sodium hydroxide addition

PRABOWO Benedictus , VERIANSYAH Bambang , KIM Jae-Duck


Received August 01, 2006,Revised December 14, 2006, Accepted , Available online

Volume 19,2007,Pages 663-666

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Hydrothermal decomposition of pentachlorophenol (PCP, C6HCl5O), as the probable human carcinogen, was investigated in a tubular reactor under subcritical and supercritical water with sodium hydroxide (NaOH) addition. The experiments were conducted at a temperature range of 300–420°C and a fixed pressure of 25 MPa, with a residence time that ranged from 10 s to 70 s. Under the reaction conditions, the initial PCP concentrations were varied from 0.25 to 1.39 mmol/L and the NaOH concentrations were varied from 2.5 to 25 times of the concentrations of PCP. The result of this study showed that PCP conversion in supercritical water was highly dependent on the reaction temperature, residence time, and NaOH concentration. PCP conversion in subcritical water is, however, only dependent on reaction temperature. NaOH concentration and residence times were found to have little e ect on PCP conversion in subcritical condition. It was found that NaOH concentration a ected the dechlorinations of PCP in the supercritical water. The intermediates detected were proposed to be tetrachlorophenol and trichlorophenol, respectively.

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