Aquatic environment

Distribution characteristics of dissolved organic carbon in annular wetlandsoil-water solutions through soil profiles in the Sanjiang Plain, Northeast China


XI Min , LU Xian-guo , LI Yue , KONG Fan-long

DOI:

Received November 23, 2006,Revised February 04, 2007, Accepted , Available online

Volume 19,2007,Pages 1074-1078

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Overwhelming evidence reveals that concentrations of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) have increased in streams which brings negative environmental impacts. DOC in stream flow is mainly originated from soil-water solutions of watershed. Wetlands prove to be the most sensitive areas as an important DOC reserve between terrestrial and fluvial biogeosystems. This reported study was focused on the distribution characteristics and the controlling factors of DOC in soil-water solutions of annular wetland, i.e., a dishing wetland and a forest wetland together, in the Sanjiang Plain, Northeast China. The results indicate that DOC concentrations in soilwater solutions decreased and then increased with increasing soil depth in the annular wetland. In the upper soil layers of 0–10 cm and 10–20 cm, DOC concentrations in soil-water solutions linearly increased from edge to center of the annular wetland (R2<\sup> = 0.3122 and R2<\sup> = 0.443). The distribution variations were intimately linked to DOC production and utilization and DOC transport processes in annular wetland soil-water solutions. The concentrations of total organic carbon (TOC), total carbon (TC) and Fe(II), DOC mobility and continuous vertical and lateral flow a ected the distribution variations of DOC in soil-water solutions. The correlation coe cients between DOC concentrations and TOC, TC and Fe(II) were 0.974, 0.813 and 0.753 respectively. These distribution characteristics suggested a systematic response of the distribution variations of DOC in annular wetland soil-water solutions to the geometry of closed depressions on a scale of small catchments. However, the DOC in soil pore water of the annular wetland may be the potential source of DOC to stream flow on watershed scale. These observations also implied the fragmentation of wetland landscape could bring the spatial-temporal variations of DOC distribution and exports, which would bring negative environmental impacts in watersheds of the Sanjiang Plain.

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