Atmospheric environment

Characterization of personal exposure concentration of fine particles for adultsand children exposed to high ambient concentrations in Beijing, China


Xuan Du , Qian Kong , Weihua Ge , Shaojun Zhang , Lixin Fu

DOI:

Received November 08, 2009,Revised July 19, 2010, Accepted , Available online

Volume 22,2010,Pages 1757-1764

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In China, the health risk from overexposure to particles is becoming an important public health concern. To investigate daily exposure characteristics to PM2.5 with high ambient concentration in urban area, a personal exposure study was conducted for school children, and office workers in Beijing, China. For all participants (N = 114), the mean personal 24-hr exposure concentration was 102.5, 14.7, 0.093, 0.528, 0.934, 0.174 and 0.703 μg/m3 for PM2.5, black carbon, Mn, Al, Ca, Pb, and Fe. Children’s exposure concentrations of PM2.5 were 4–5 times higher than those in related studies. The ambient concentration of PM2.5 (128.5 μg/m3) was significantly higher than the personal exposure concentration (P < 0.05), and exceed the reference concentration (25 μg/m3) of WHO air quality guideline. Good correlation relationships and significant differences were identified between ambient concentration and personal exposure concentration. The relationships indicate that the ambient concentration is the main factor influencing personal exposure concentration, but is not a good indicator of personal exposure concentration. Outdoor activities (commute mode, exposure to heating, workday or weekend travel) influenced personal exposure concentrations significantly, but the magnitude of the influence from indoor activities (exposure to cooking) was masked by the high ambient concentrations.

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