Terrestrial environment

Inhibitory effect of nitrobenzene on oxygen demand in lake sediments

Xiaohong Zhou , Xuying Wang , Hanchang Shi


Received June 19, 2011,Revised September 01, 2011, Accepted , Available online May 06, 2012

Volume 24,2012,Pages 934-939

Nitrobenzene is an important raw material and product, which presents a heavy threat to the ecosystem. The potential impacts of nitrobenzene on sediment oxygen demand (SOD) were studied in lake sediment simulating reactors receiving relatively low inputs of nitrobenzene. Oxygen microprofiles were measured in these sediment reactors using microelectrodes. After an initial microprofile measurement as a control, nitrobenzene was added to the overlying water resulting in concentrations of 0, 50, 100, and 150 μg/L. Microprofiles were measured on day 1, 2, 4 and 7 following the addition of nitrobenzene. SODs were determined from the microprofiles using a reaction-diffusion model. Results showed that the SODs increased relative to the initial values measured in the pre-treatment period in reactors exposed to all nitrobenzene concentrations on day 1. However, the values decreased gradually on the following days, which eventually resulted in a 50% loss in SODs after 7 days of exposure to nitrobenzene in all reactors. In addition, the inhibition effect of nitrobenzene on SOD exhibited a weak relationship with its concentration. The microscopic observation and count of algae in the sediment showed that the exposure to nitrobenzene did not change the composition of algae greatly, however, it decreased the number of dominant algae species sharply after 7 days of exposure. These results suggested that nitrobenzene could significantly alter SOD in lakes, which could ultimately affect the pollutant recovery in aquatic-sediment systems.

Copyright © Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Published by Elsevier B.V. and Science Press. All rights reserved.京ICP备05002858号-3