Special Issue: Progress and prospects of atmospheric environmental sciences in China

Photochemical properties and source of pollutants during continuous pollution episodes in Beijing, October, 2011


Jian Gao , Yuechong Zhang , Meng Zhang , Jingqiao Zhang , Shulan Wang , Jun Tao , Han Wang , Datong Luo , Fahe Chai* , Chun Ren

DOI:10.1016/S1001-0742(13)60379-4

Received ,Revised , Accepted , Available online January 09, 2014

Volume 26,2014,Pages 44-53

Beijing suffered from serious air pollution in October, 2011 with the occurrence of three continuous episodes. Here we analyze the pollution status of particulate matter, the relationship between the gaseous pollutants, physical and chemical properties of single particles, and the profile of watersoluble ions in PM2.5 during the three episodes. Regional and photochemically aged air masses, which were characterized as having high values of O3 and SO2, were hypothesized to have played a dominant role in the first episode. After mixing local air masses with freshly-emitted primary pollutants, the concentration of NOx continued to increase and the size of SO42-, NO3- and NH4+ in the particle population continued to become smaller. The amount of elemental carbon-rich and organic carbonrich particles in the scaled single particles (0.2-2μm) and water-soluble K+ in PM2.5 also increased in the episodes. All the available information suggests that the biomass or fuel burning sources in or around Beijing may have had a huge impact on the last two episodes.

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