Settling basin design in a constructed wetland using TSS removal efficiency and hydraulic retention time

Soyoung Lee , Marla C. Maniquiz-Redillas , Lee-Hyung Kim


Received October 29, 2013,Revised April 22, 2014, Accepted , Available online September 10, 2014

Volume 26,2014,Pages 1791-1796

Using total suspended solid (TSS) removal efficiency and hydraulic retention time (HRT) as design parameters a design guideline of a settling basin in a constructed wetland (CW) was suggested; as well as management of sediment and particle in the settling basin. The CW was designed to treat the piggery wastewater effluent from a wastewater treatment plant during dry days and stormwater runoff from the surrounding paved area during wet days. The first settling basin (FSB) in the CW was theoretically designed with a total storage volume (TSV) of 453 m3 and HRT of 5.5 hr. The amount of sediment and particles settled at the FSB was high due to the sedimentation and interception of plants in the CW. Dredging of sediments was performed when the retention rate at the FSB decreased to approximately 80% . Findings showed that the mean flow rate was 21.8 m3/hr less than the designed flow rate of 82.8 m3/hr indicating that the FSB was oversize and operated with longer HRT (20.7 hr) compared to the design HRT. An empirical model to estimate the length of the settling basin in the CW was developed as a function of HRT and desired TSS removal efficiency. Using the minimum tolerable TSS removal efficiency of 30%, the length of the FSB was estimated to be 31.2 m with 11.8 hr HRT.

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