Adsorption of Co(II) from aqueous solutions by water treatment residuals

Jian Jiao , Jinbo Zhao , Yuansheng Pei


Received March 17, 2016,Revised April 16, 2016, Accepted April 20, 2016, Available online May 14, 2016

Volume 29,2017,Pages 232-239

A study on the removal of Co(II) from aqueous solutions by water treatment residuals (WTR) was conducted in batch conditions. The sorption process of Co(II) followed pseudosecond-order kinetics, with 30 hr required to reach equilibrium. Using the Langmuir adsorption isotherm model, a relatively high maximum sorption capacity of 17.31 mg/g Co(II) was determined. The adsorption of Co(II) was dependent on pH values and was affected by the ionic strength. Results show that Co(II) adsorption was a spontaneous endothermic process and was favorable at high temperature. Most of the adsorbed Co(II) stayed on the WTR permanently, whereas only small amounts of adsorbed Co(II) were desorbed. The shifting of peaks in FT-IR spectra indicated that Co(II) interacted with the WTR surface through strong covalent bond formation with Fe(Al)–O functional groups. It was concluded that WTR can be a suitable material from which to develop an efficient adsorbent for the removal of Co(II) from wastewater.

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