Effect of bioflocculants on the coagulation activity of alum for removal of trihalomethane precursors from low turbid water


Tanwi Priya , Abhrajyoti Tarafdar , Bramha Gupta , Brijesh Kumar Mishra

DOI:10.1016/j.jes.2017.09.019

Received March 24, 2017,Revised , Accepted September 18, 2017, Available online October 12, 2017

Volume 70,2018,Pages 1-10

Reactivity of chlorine towards hydrophobic groups present in natural organic matter (NOM) provokes the formation of carcinogenic disinfection byproducts such as trihalomethanes in chlorinated water. The present study aimed to investigate the variations in coagulant activity of alum using two different bioflocculants (coagulant aid) namely, Moringa oleifera and Cyamopsistetragonoloba for the removal of hydrophobic fractions of NOM and subsequent chlorine consumption by treated water. Effect of dual coagulants on trihalomethane surrogate parameters such as total organic carbon, dissolved organic carbon, UV absorbing materials and prominent hydrophobic species such as phenolic groups along with aromatic chromophores, polyhydroxy aromatic moiety have also been studied. The concept of differential spectroscopy and absorbance slope index has been employed to understand the combined effects of alum-bioflocculants on the reactivity of NOM with chlorine. Our result shows that the combination of alum and C. tetragonoloba is more efficient for reducing trihalomethane surrogates from chlorinated water as compared to M. oleifera. C. tetragonoloba elicited synchronized effects of sweep coagulation and particle bridging-adsorption which eventually facilitated efficient removal of hydrophobic fractions of NOM. The variation in the mechanistic approach of bioflocculants was due to the presence of cationic charge on M. oleifera and adhesive property of C. tetragonoloba.

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