Atmospheric HULIS and its ability to mediate the reactive oxygen species (ROS): A review


Myat Sandar Win , Zhengyang Tian , Hui Zhao , Kai Xiao , Jiaxian Peng , Yu Shang , Minghong Wu , Guangli Xiu , Senlin Lu , Shinich Yonemochi , Qingyue Wang

DOI:10.1016/j.jes.2017.12.004

Received May 15, 2017,Revised , Accepted December 02, 2017, Available online December 13, 2017

Volume 71,2018,Pages 13-31

Atmospheric humic-like substances (HULIS) are not only an unresolved mixture of macro-organic compounds but also powerful chelating agents in atmospheric particulate matters (PMs); impacting on both the properties of aerosol particles and health effects by generating reactive oxygen species (ROS). Currently, the interests of HULIS are intensively shifting to the investigations of HULIS-metal synergic effects and kinetics modeling studies, as well as the development of HULIS quantification, findings of possible HULIS sources and generation of ROS from HULIS. In light of HULIS studies, we comprehensively review the current knowledge of isolation and physicochemical characterization of HULIS from atmospheric samples as well as HULIS properties (hygroscopic, surface activity, and colloidal) and possible sources of HULIS. This review mainly highlights the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) from PMs, HULIS and transition metals, especially iron. This review also summarized the mechanism of iron-organic complexation and recent findings of OH formation from HULIS-metal complexes. This review will be helpful to carry out the modeling studies that concern with HULIS-transition metals and for further studies in the generation of ROS from HULIS-metal complexes.

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