Soot reduction by addition of dimethyl carbonate in normal and inverse ethylene diffusion flames: Nanostructural evidence

Chutikarn Paladpokkrong , Dong Liu , Yaoyao Ying , Wei Wang , Rui Zhang


Received September 06, 2017,Revised , Accepted December 18, 2017, Available online January 05, 2018

Volume 30,2018,Pages 107-117

Oxygenated fuel represents an attractive alternative as an additive for reducing soot emissions. Dimethyl carbonate (DMC) is an oxygenated compound which is a good option to reduce soot, but the detailed characteristics of soot produced from combustion of hydrocarbon fuels blended with DMC are still lacking. The present research studied the nanostructure and reactivity of soot particles in ethylene/DMC normal and inverse diffusion flames. High resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) were used to analyze the nanostructure and reactivity of soot. It was found that DMC addition was effective in decreasing the average weights of soot formed in flames. The results of HRTEM images showed that soot particles obtained with DMC addition showed liquid-like material and tight bonding, and exhibited more highly disorganized layers, which give it higher reactivity than soot obtained without DMC addition. Furthermore, HRTEM was used to analyze soot fringe characteristics consisting of fringe tortuosity, fringe length, and fringe separation. XRD was used to crosscheck the results for fringe separation, and was consistent with HRTEM results. In addition, the mass loss curve of TGA experiments showed that DMC addition could enhance the reactivity of soot particles.

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