Mechanistic insights into sequestration of U(VI) toward magnetic biochar: Batch, XPS and EXAFS techniques


Qingyuan Hu , Yuling Zhu , Baowei Hu , Songhua Lu , Guodong Sheng

DOI:10.1016/j.jes.2018.01.013

Received November 14, 2017,Revised , Accepted January 16, 2018, Available online February 02, 2018

Volume 70,2018,Pages 217-225

The magnetic iron oxide (Fe3O4) nanoparticles stabilized on the biochar were synthesized by fast pyrolysis of Fe(II)-loaded hydrophyte biomass under N2 conditions. The batch experiments showed that magnetic biochar presented a large removal capacity (54.35 mg/g) at pH 3.0 and 293 K. The reductive co-precipitation of U(VI) to U(IV) by magnetic biochar was demonstrated according to X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and X-ray absorption near edge structure analysis. According to extended X-ray absorption fine structure analysis, the occurrence of U-Fe and U-U shells indicated that high effective removal of uranium was primarily inner-sphere coordination and then reductive co-precipitation at low pH. These observations provided the further understanding of uranium removal by magnetic materials in environmental remediation.

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