Development of a static test apparatus for evaluating the performance of three PM2.5 separators commonly used in China

ChihChieh Chen , Peng Du , Jianguo Liu , Huaqiao Gui , Jiaoshi Zhang , Tongzhu Yu , Jie Wang , Yin Cheng , Yihuai Lu , Yawei Yao , Qiang Fu


Received November 30, 2018,Revised , Accepted June 10, 2019, Available online July 03, 2019

Volume 32,2020,Pages 238-249

PM2.5 separator directly affects the accuracy of PM2.5 sampling. The specification testing and evaluation for PM2.5 separator is particularly important, especially under China's wide variation of terrain and climate. In this study, first a static test apparatus based on polydisperse aerosol was established and calibrated to evaluate the performance of the PM2.5 separators. A uniform mixing chamber was developed to make particles mix completely. The aerosol concentration relative standard deviations of three test points at the same horizontal chamber position were less than 0.57%, and the particle size distribution obeyed logarithmic normal distribution with an R2 of 0.996. The flow rate deviation between the measurement and the set point flow rate agreed to within ± 1.0% in the range of − 40 to 50°C. Secondly, the separation, flow and loading characteristics of three cyclone separators (VSCC-A, SCC-A and SCC112) were evaluated using this system. The results showed that the 50% cutoff sizes (D50) of the three cyclones were 2.48, 2.47 and 2.44 μm when worked at the manufacturer's recommended flow rates, respectively. The geometric standard deviation (GSD) of the capture efficiency of VSCC-A was 1.23, showed a slightly sharper than SCC-A (GSD = 1.27), while the SCC112 did not meet the relevant indicator (GSD = 1.2 ± 0.1) with a GSD = 1.44. The flow rate and loading test had a great effect on D50, while the GSD remained almost the same as before. In addition, the maintenance frequency under different air pollution conditions of the cyclones was summarized according to the loading test.

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