A simple chemical method for the synthesis of Cu2+ engrafted MgAl2O4 nanoparticles: Efficient fluoride adsorbents, photocatalyst and latent fingerprint detection

Debasis Dhak , Arnab Mukherjee , Mrinal K. Adak , Prasanta Dhak


Received January 30, 2019,Revised , Accepted September 03, 2019, Available online September 11, 2019

Volume 32,2020,Pages 301-315

An adaptable, energy efficient chemical process is employed to synthesize Cu2+ engrafted MgAl2O4 nanoparticles (Mg1-xCuxAl2O4, x = 0, 0.1, 0.3, 0.5 abbreviated as MCA0, MCA1, MCA3, and MCA5 respectively), using chelating ligand and the calcination temperature was determined by the thermogravimetric analysis of the precursor mass. They acted as good fluoride adsorbent in the presence of co-ions, different pH (2–11) via chemisorption revealed from Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and photodegraded Methylene Blue (MB). The satisfactory results were for MCA1 (specific surface area 25.05 m2/g) with 97% fluoride removal at pH 7.0 for the 10 mg/L initial fluoride concentration for 1.5 g/L adsorbent dose with 45 min contact time obeying the Langmuir isotherm model with negative thermodynamic parameters and 4 mmol of MCA3 with 98.51% photodegradation for 10−5 mol/L MB solution obeying pseudo-second-order and pseudo-first-order kinetics respectively. The proposed photodegradation mechanism of MB was established by the FTIR and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis. The nanoparticles are cubic, estimated through X-ray diffraction (XRD) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) analysis. The band gap energies, grain size, and the effective working pH were estimated by diffuse reflectance spectra (DRS), scanning electron microscope (SEM), and zero-point potential analysis respectively. A soil candle with MCA1 also fabricated for the household purpose and tested with some fluorinated field samples. The MCA3 was able to enhance the latent fingerprint on smooth surfaces.

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