Impact of biosolids, ZnO, ZnO/biosolids on bacterial community and enantioselective transformation of racemic–quizalofop–ethyl in agricultural soil


Xu Zhang , Qing Zhou

DOI:10.1016/j.jes.2019.06.012

Received February 19, 2019,Revised , Accepted June 19, 2019, Available online June 26, 2019

Volume 32,2020,Pages 163-172

The effects of biosolids, ZnO, and ZnO/biosolids on soil microorganism and the environmental fate of coexisting racemic–quizalofop–ethyl (rac-QE) were investigated. Microbial biomass carbon in native soil, soil/biosolids decreased by 62% and 52% in the presence of ZnO (2‰, weight ratio). The soil bacterial community structure differed significantly among native soil, soil/biosolids, soil/ZnO, and soil/biosolids/ZnO based on a principal co-ordinate analysis (PCoA) of OTUs and one-way ANOVA test of bacterial genera. Chemical transformation caused by ZnO only contributed 4% and 3% of the overall transformation of R-quizalofop-ethyl (R-QE) and S-quizalofop-ethyl (S-QE) in soil/ZnO. The inhibition effect of ZnO on the initial transformation rate of R-QE (rR-QE) and S-QE (rR-QE) in soil only observed when enantiomer concentration was larger than 10 mg/kg. Biosolids embedded with ZnO (biosolids/ZnO) caused a 17%–42% and 22%–38% decrease of rR-QE and rS-QE, although rR-QE and rS-QE increased by 0%–17% and 22%–58% by the addition of biosolids. The results also demonstrated that the effects of biosolids on agricultural soil microorganism and enantioselective transformation of chiral pesticide was altered by the embedded nanoparticles.

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