Preparation of hydrophobic hierarchical pore carbon–silica composite and its adsorption performance toward volatile organic compounds

Hanfeng Lu , Xiaoai Lu , Junqian He , Jing Xie , Ying Zhou , Shuo Liu , Qiulian Zhu


Received March 02, 2019,Revised , Accepted May 06, 2019, Available online May 13, 2019

Volume 32,2020,Pages 39-48

Carbon–silica materials with hierarchical pores consisting of micropores and mesopores were prepared by introducing nanocarbon microspheres derived from biomass sugar into silica gel channels in a hydrothermal environment. The physicochemical properties of the materials were characterized by nitrogen physical adsorption (BET), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and thermogravimetric (TG), and the adsorption properties of various organic waste gases were investigated. The results showed that microporous carbon materials were introduced successfully into the silica gel channels, thus showing the high adsorption capacity of activated carbon in high humidity organic waste gas, and the high stability and mechanical strength of the silica gel. The dynamic adsorption behavior confirmed that the carbon–silica material had excellent adsorption capacity for different volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Furthermore, the carbon–silica material exhibited excellent desorption characteristics: adsorbed toluene was completely desorbed at 150°C, thereby showing superior regeneration characteristics. Both features were attributed to the formation of hierarchical pores.

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