Environmental biology

Detection and quantification of enteroviruses in coastal seawaters fromBohai Bay, Tianjin, China

Minglu Zhang , Huabing Zhao , Jian Yang , Sunny Jiang , Baoli Cai


Received March 28, 2009,Revised June 26, 2009, Accepted , Available online

Volume 22,2010,Pages 150-154

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An 8-month survey was conducted to detect and quantify enteroviruses in Tianjin coastal seawaters of Bohai Bay to assess coastal water quality. Ten water samples were collected from Bohai Bay for the detection and quantification of enteroviruses by conventional reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and SYBR Green real-time quantitative RT-PCR (qRT-PCR). Total viral nucleic acid was extracted from 500 mL of seawater samples concentrated by Centricon plus-70 centrifugal filter devices. The viral recovery rate was 29.1% based on viral seeding study. The centrifugal ultrafiltration method applied is e ective for viral recovery from small volume of polluted water, which may have broader applications to monitoring human virus in aquatic environment. Our results indicated that there was a severe viral contamination in seawater of Bohai Bay. Enteroviruses were detected at concentrations ranging from 1.7 106 to 6.3 107 copies/L by qRT-PCR. Sequencing analyses identified that all of the twenty clones as poliovirus type 2. This is the first quantitative report of human viruses in coastal waters of a metropolitan city in China. This study emphasized the importance for the local and central governments to monitor and assess the water quality.

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