Preparation of floating BiOCl0.6I0.4/ZnO photocatalyst and its inactivation of Microcystis aeruginosa under visible light

Ning Ding , Hong Liu , Liuliu Yang , Houwang Chen , Meng Chen , Peng Zhang


Received September 27, 2021,Revised , Accepted December 29, 2021, Available online January 07, 2022

Volume 35,2023,Pages 362-375

Frequent occurrence of harmful algal blooms has already threatened aquatic life and human health. In the present study, floating BiOCl0.6I0.4/ZnO photocatalyst was synthesized in situ by water bath method, and and applied in inactivation of Microcystis aeruginosa under visible light. The composition, morphology, chemical states, optical properties of the photocatalyst were also characterized. The results showed that BiOCl0.6I0.4 exhibited laminated nanosheet structure with regular shape, and the light response range of the composite BZ/EP-3 (BiOCl0.6I0.4/ZnO/EP-3) was tuned from 582 to 638 nm. The results of photocatalytic experiments indicated that BZ/EP-3 composite had stronger photocatalytic activity than a single BiOCl0.6I0.4 and ZnO, and the removal rate of chlorophyll a was 89.28% after 6 hr of photocatalytic reaction. The photosynthetic system was destroyed and cell membrane of algae ruptured under photocatalysis, resulting in the decrease of phycobiliprotein components and the release of a large number of ions (K+, Ca2+ and Mg2+). Furthermore, active species trapping experiment determined that holes (h+) and superoxide radicals (·O2) were the main active substance for the inactivation of algae, and the p-n mechanism of photocatalyst was proposed. Overall, BZ/EP-3 showed excellent algal removal ability under visible light, providing fundamental theories for practical algae pollution control.

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