Effect of dissolved oxygen on methane production from bottom sediment in a eutrophic stratified lake

Katsuaki Komai , Yasuyuki Maruya , Keisuke Nakayama , Masafumi Sasaki


Received October 25, 2021,Revised , Accepted January 11, 2022, Available online January 24, 2022

Volume 35,2023,Pages 61-72

Clarifying the role of sulfate and dissolved oxygen (DO) in methane production may allow for precise and accurate modeling of methane emissions in eutrophic lakes. We conducted field observations of sulfate, methane, and DO concentrations in Lake Abashiri, a typical brackish and eutrophic lake in a cold region, to develop a DO-based method for quantitively estimating methane production in a eutrophic lake and analyzed the results. We found that sulfate concentrations decreased rapidly from 900.0 mg/L in water overlying the sediments to nearly 0.0 mg/L in the bottom sediment. Methane production was almost uniform across sediment depths of 0.05 to 0.25 m, ranging from 1400 to 1800 µmol/m2/day. Also, methane production was found to be a function of DO concentrations in water overlying the bottom and could be modeled by a logistic function: constant production at 1,400 µmol/m2/day for DO concentrations of 0.0 to 3.0 mg/L, rapidly decreasing to 0 µmol/m2/day for DO concentrations of 3.0 to 6.0 mg/L. This methane model was verified using a simple one-dimensional numerical model that showed good agreement with field observations. Our results thus suggest that the proposed methane model reduces uncertainty in estimating methane production in a eutrophic lake.

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