Immobilization of antimony in soil and groundwater using ferro-magnesium bimetallic organic frameworks

Hong Deng , Le Yuan , Jianle Wang , Zuqi Zhong , Jiguang Li


Received November 01, 2021,Revised , Accepted January 20, 2022, Available online January 31, 2022

Volume 35,2023,Pages 194-204

Sb(III) is often detected in contaminated soil and groundwater. Hence, high-efficiency technology is needed. In this study, bimetallic organic frameworks were used for the first time to immobilize Sb(III) from contaminated soil and groundwater. The materials were synthesized by the hydrothermal method. Both ends of the prepared material were hexagonal tip rods, and the length became shorter as the ratio of Fe/Mg decreased. The bimetallic organic framework with a Fe/Mg feeding ratio of 0.5 was the optimum material for Sb(III) removal, which could effectively immobilize Sb(III). The adsorption isotherm was fitted well with the Freundlich model, and the optimal adsorption capacity can reach 106.97 mg/g. The adsorption capacity of 84% can be completed in 10 min, which conformed to the pseudo-second-order kinetics. The Fe3+ could enhance the stability of the material, and the Mg2+ was conducive to freeing up adsorption sites for binding Sb(III) and forming stable chemical adsorption. Ion exchange is the predominant mechanism to remove Sb(III). After 14 days of remediation of Sb(III) contaminated soil, the Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP)-leached concentrations of Sb(III) were reduced by 86%, 91% and 94% when the material dosages were 1%, 2% and 3%, respectively. Immobilization of Sb(III) in soil resulted in a conversion of antimony speciation from more easily bioavailable species to less bioavailable species, further contributing to reduce the environmental risk of antimony. The results indicate that ferro-magnesium bimetallic organic frameworks may serve as a kind of promising materials for the immobilization of Sb(III) in contaminated soil and groundwater.

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