Effects of cobalt doping on the reactivity of hausmannite for As(III) oxidation and As(V) adsorption

Hui Yin , Shuang Zhang , Hui Li , Zhongkuan Wu , Jeffrey E. Post , Bruno Lanson , Yurong Liu , Biyun Hu , Mingxia Wang , Limei Zhang , Mei Hong , Fan Liu


Received November 25, 2021,Revised , Accepted February 06, 2022, Available online February 17, 2022

Volume 34,2022,Pages 217-226

Hausmannite is a common low valence Mn oxide mineral, with a distorted spinel structure, in surficial sediments. Although natural Mn oxides often contain various impurities of transitional metals (TMs), few studies have addressed the effect and related mechanism of TM doping on the reactivity of hausmannite with metal pollutants. Here, the reactivity of cobalt (Co) doped hausmannite with aqueous As(III) and As(V) was studied. Co doping decreased the point of zero charge of hausmannite and its adsorption capacity for As(V). Despite a reduction of the initial As(III) oxidation rate, Co-doped hausmannite could effectively oxidize As(III) to As(V), followed by the adsorption and fixation of a large amount of As(V) on the mineral surface. Arsenic K-edge EXAFS analysis of the samples after As(V) adsorption and As(III) oxidation revealed that only As(V) was adsorbed on the mineral surface, with an average As-Mn distance of 3.25–3.30 Å, indicating the formation of bidentate binuclear complexes. These results provide new insights into the interaction mechanism between TMs and low valence Mn oxides and their effect on the geochemical behaviors of metal pollutants.

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