Formaldehyde oxidation on Pd/USY catalysts at room temperature: The effect of acid pretreatment on supports

Hong He , Xiaofeng Liu , Chunying Wang , Yumin Chen , Qi Qin , Yaobin Li


Received November 13, 2021,Revised , Accepted February 16, 2022, Available online February 27, 2022

Volume 35,2023,Pages 811-822

The complete catalytic oxidation of formaldehyde (HCHO) to CO2 and H2O at room temperature is a green route for indoor HCHO removal. Zeolite is an excellent carrier material for HCHO oxidation due to its large surface area, intricate pores and high adsorption capacity. However, the zeolite-supported noble metal catalysts have currently shown relatively low activity especially at room temperature. In this work, we present a facile acid treatment strategy for zeolite catalysts to improve the hydroxyl concentration and further enhance their catalytic activity for HCHO oxidation. Activity tests illustrated that HCHO could be completely oxidized to CO2 and H2O at a nearly 100% conversion rate with a weight hourly space velocity (WHSV) of 150,000 mL/(g∙hr) at 25°C, when the support of Pd/USY catalysts was pretreated by hydrochloric acid with a concentration of 0.20 mol/L. The characterization results revealed that the active hydroxyl groups originated from the dealumination in the acid treatment play a key role in the HCHO oxidation reaction. The deduced reaction mechanism suggests that bridging hydroxyl groups may oxidize HCHO to dioxymethylene (DOM) species and terminal hydroxyl groups are responsible for the transformation of DOM groups to formate (HCOO) species.

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