Environmental Mn(II) enhances the activity of dissimilatory arsenate-respiring prokaryotes from arsenic-contaminated soils

Xian-Chun Zeng , Yan Wu , Weiwei Wu , Yifan Xu , Yanxia Zuo


Received December 12, 2021,Revised , Accepted March 06, 2022, Available online March 16, 2022

Volume 35,2023,Pages 582-592

Many investigations suggest that dissimilatory arsenate-respiring prokaryotes (DARPs) play a key role in stimulating reductive mobilization of As from solid phase into groundwater, but it is not clear how environmental Mn(II) affects the DARPs-mediated reductive mobilization of arsenic. To resolve this issue, we collected soil samples from a realgar tailings-affected area. We found that there were diverse arsenate-respiratory reductase (arr) genes in the soils. The microbial communities had high arsenate-respiring activity, and were able to efficiently stimulate the reductive mobilization of As. Compared to the microcosms without Mn(II), addition of 10 mmol/L Mn(II) to the microcosms led to 23.99%-251.79% increases in the microbial mobilization of As, and led to 133.3%-239.2% increases in the abundances of arr genes. We further isolated a new cultivable DARP, Bacillus sp. F11, from the arsenic-contaminated soils. It completely reduced 1 mmol/L As(V) in 5 days under the optimal reaction conditions. We further found that it was able to efficiently catalyze the reductive mobilization and release of As from the solid phase; the addition of 2 mmol/L Mn(II) led to 98.49%-248.78% increases in the F11 cells-mediated reductive mobilization of As, and 70.6%-104.4% increases in the arr gene abundances. These data suggest that environmental Mn(II) markedly increased the DARPs-mediated reductive mobilization of As in arsenic-contaminated soils. This work provided a new insight into the close association between the biogeochemical cycles of arsenic and manganese.

Copyright © Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Published by Elsevier B.V. and Science Press. All rights reserved.京ICP备05002858号-3