Identifying the major fluorescent components responsible for ultrafiltration membrane fouling in different water sources

Weiguang Sun , Jun Nan , Jia Xing , Jiayu Tian


Received October 16, 2015,Revised January 14, 2016, Accepted January 15, 2016, Available online February 15, 2016

Volume 28,2016,Pages 215-223

Three-dimensional fluorescence excitation–emission matrix (EEM) coupled with parallel factor analysis (PARAFAC) was performed for a total of 18 water samples taken from three water sources (two lakes and one wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) secondary effluent), with the purpose of identifying the major ultrafiltration (UF) membrane foulants in different water sources. Three fluorescent components (C1, C2 and C3) were identified, which represented terrestrially derived humic-like substances (C1), microbially derived humic-like substances (C2), and protein-like substances (C3). The correlations between the different fluorescent components and UF membrane fouling were analyzed. It was shown that for the WWTP secondary effluent, all three components (C1, C2 and C3) made a considerable contribution to the irreversible and total fouling of the UF membrane. However, for the two lakes, only the C3 exhibited a strong correlation with membrane fouling, indicating that the protein-like substances were the major membrane foulants in the lake waters. Significant attachment of C1, C2 and C3 to the UF membrane was also confirmed by mass balance analyses for the WWTP secondary effluent; while the attachment of C1 and C2 was shown to be negligible for the two lakes. The results may provide basic formation for developing suitable fouling control strategies for sustainable UF processes.

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